The Simien Mountains National Park in northwestern Ethiopia is a spectacular setting, with unique fauna and breathtaking views of landscapes shaped by nature and traditional agriculture. The natural beauty of this region has always impressed the visitors, which explains why it is mentioned in the 4th century book “Monumentum Adulitanum”, where the Simien Mountains are described as “inaccessible mountains covered with snow in which soldiers sink to their knees”.
The mountain ridges rise to altitudes above 3,600 metres above sea level and are covered with grasses, isolated trees and giant Lobelia. The highest peak is Ras Dashan reaching 4,550 metres.
The contours of this high plateau are made up of cliffs, gorges and deep canyons. This creates excellent conditions for the biosphere as, indeed, the steep cliffs and the cool climate are ideal for the endemic Ibex Walia. There are many other animal species in the park, including the Abyssinian Wolf (there are only forty individuals left), Gelada baboons, Oretrague and several species of birds of prey, for example. The scarcity of these species forms the backbone of the conservation efforts of the region, which led to the creation of the National Park in 1969 and its inscription on the world heritage of UNESCO.
Among the other animals present are numerous bearded Gypaëtes, Egyptian Percnoptera, Corbivau Corbels, Yellow-bearded Mans, and Red-billed Craves. The somewhat more protected places are also home to White-necked Pigeons, Tacazze Souimangas and the wintering Cyprus Traquet.