Hwange National Park is the oldest and largest national park in Zimbabwe. Established in 1949 and covering an area of 14,650 sqkm (i.e. a surface close to that of Belgium or Wales), this park is completely open and serves as a refuge to the largest diversity of mammals in the world with 19 species of large herbivores and 8 different species of large carnivores.
More than 400 types of birds and 50 types of raptors have also been identified. As this park is an extension of the Kalahari ecosystem, large migrations take place between Chobe and Hwange (which includes water holes created nearly a century ago) and it is possible to see very large herds of elephants as the entire ecosystem counts between 20,000 and 75,000 of them.